Diabetes is a condition that affects both humans and pets. It occurs when glucose cannot be used by the body normally. The body's cells use glucose, which is controlled by a hormone called insulin, for energy. Insulin is made in the pancreas and is required to transfer glucose from the blood to cells. Glucose will accumulate if the body is unable to use it properly, which could result in hyperglycemia in the blood and glucosuria in the urine.. If the body is not getting enough glucose to the cells, there is not enough energy for the cells to function normally, which causes muscle tissue and fat to break down. Diabetes is a serious condition if not treated. Our vet team at Fairway Knolls Veterinary Hospital in Bloomington can help pets and owners manage a diabetes diagnosis.
Diabetes can be diagnosed at any age. However, it is usually detected in older pets. An obese dog over the age of four or an overweight cat over six years is most at risk for developing diabetes. An overweight female dog is more likely to develop diabetes than an obese dog that is male.
The earlier diabetes is caught, the better. Keep an eye out for early signs in your pet, such as increased water consumption, frequent urination, chronic infections, decreased appetite, and cloudy eyes.
Diagnosing diabetes is fairly straightforward, with our vet finding consistent hyperglycemia as well as glucosuria. After the diagnosis is confirmed, our vet will prescribe insulin for your pet, and a technician will teach you how to give insulin injections. Dosage and treatment may alter after a period of monitoring. Our team will also make dietary recommendations for your pet. Regular exams, blood and urine tests, and noting drinking, urination, weight, and appetite will be key.
Schedule an appointment with Fairway Knolls Veterinary Hospital in Bloomington right away if your pet is showing any symptoms of diabetes. Call us at 309-663-1414.